Benagal was born in 1934
in Andhra Pradesh. Before entering the
film world he worked as an ad
film maker and directed about 900 of them. Later when he started making
films, he introduced to the film world what is known as ‘parallel films’
or ‘middle cinema’. His first film was Gher Betha
Ganga which came out in 1962. Films
which followed it were Ankur(1973), Nishant(1975),
Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977). All these films were
highly accalimed for their
Films like Ankur, Nishant and Manthan dealt with
the sensitive issue of sexual exploitation of women. Next came his
different set of films which dealt with various like Mahabharata,
biographies. Benegal has avid interest in History and biographies and a
large number of his movies are based on biographies or historical
events. these include Zubeida, Junoon, Bose: The Forgotten Hero, Bharat
Ek Khoj, and Mahatma Gandhi.
However Benegal had also made films based on social and
political issues like
Kalyug, Suraj Ka Satvan Gora , Sardari Begum.
Benegal is unlike most modern film
makers of India. his films do not give any serious social commentary.
Most of he says remains subtle and understated.
Benegal has also worked
with the television medium. He has directed the famous series Bharat
Ek Khoj and a documentary on Mahatma Gandhi.
He was awarded the Padma
Shri in 1976 and the Padma Bhushan in 1991.
Also read on ..
Magic Real Art
Films of Aparna Sen
Films of Mrinal
Films of G
Films of Guru Dutt
Films of Raj
Pseudorealism and Indian Literature
films & theatre